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                        如何避開八組ACT語法易混詞陷阱


                        來源:   時間:2016-05-27 09:31:51

                        可能會有很多同學被ACT語法?嫉囊恍┮谆煸~折磨的心力交瘁,今天小編就跟大家總結一些ACT考試在語法部分會反復考到的易混詞,各位考生一定要背下來!
                         
                          1. pass VS past
                          pass詞性是動詞,意思是“穿過(沿特定方向),經過”
                          e.g. Jane passed through the doorway into the hospital. (“pass”在這里充當謂語動詞)
                          past詞性是介詞,意思是“經過”
                          e.g. I dashed past him and out of the room.(“past”充當狀語)
                          例題1:
                          Amelia Earhart passed into history, and from there into myth. The legend of her achievements and of her mysterious disappearance still captivates us.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. past into
                          C. passed over
                          D. past over
                          解析:
                          句中主語是“Amelia”, 劃線部分必須是能夠充當謂語的動詞,所以只能是動詞“pass”,介詞“past” 不能充當謂語,所以排除B,D。C “pass over” 意思是 “忽略”,意思不符合句意,所以選A
                          例題2:
                          It has no running water, electricity, or phone, and Glacier National Park is just across the river that flows past her cabin door.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. passed her cabin
                          C. passed her cabin’s
                          D. past her cabin’
                          解析:
                          句中that引導的定語從句中that作主語,flow作謂語,所以劃線部分應該作狀語,應該選“past”, 所以選D
                          例題3:
                          Crowds of people mill about, moseying they’re way past costumed characters and colorful booths.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. they’re way passed
                          C. their way passed
                          D. their way past
                          解析:
                          moseying到句尾是狀語部分,所以不能接一句話,意思是“經過那些角色”。選D。
                         
                          2. arise, rise, raise
                          arise意思是“出現”
                          e.g. The birds also attack crops when the opportunity arises.
                          rise意思是“上升”
                          e.g. The smoke rises in a cloud around him.
                          raise意思是“舉起,提高,改善”
                          e.g. He raised his hand to wave.
                          例題:
                          1. Forten’s knowledge of ships, gained from his experiences as a sailor during the war, paid off. He rose to the position of foreman, and in 1798, Forten bought the sailmaker’s business.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. had arose
                          C. had rose
                          D. raised
                          解析:
                          句中劃線部分的意思是“上升到一個職位”,所以選擇“rise” A
                         
                          3. enlighten VS illuminate
                          enlighten是動詞,意思是“啟迪”
                          illuminate是動詞,意思是“照亮”
                          例題:
                          1. Beams of light enlightened the exterior of the White House, and every window glowed as the work of governing continued into the night.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. illuminated
                          C. irradiated
                          D. inflamed
                          解析:
                          句子意思是“光束著涼了白宮的外部”,所以選 “illuminate”
                         
                          4. affect VS effect
                          affect是動詞,意思是“影響”
                          effect是名詞,意思是“影響”
                          例題:
                          1. This effect, my mother explained, was the result of two techniques.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. affect,
                          C. affect
                          D. effect
                          解析:
                          劃線部分是主語,所以必須選名詞effect,所以選A
                         
                          5. contract VS compress
                          contract詞性是動詞,意思是收縮(自動)
                          e.g. The plastic toy contracts when it is cooled.
                          compress詞性是動詞,意思是壓縮(人為的)
                          e.g. Poor posture compresses the body’s organs.
                          例題:
                          1.The engineers called in local firefighters in the hope that spraying the leg with water to cool it would make it contract.
                          A.NO CHANGE
                          B. reduce.
                          C. decrease.
                          D. compress.
                          解析:
                          句子意思是遇冷自動收縮,所以應該選“contract”A
                         
                          6. allusion VS illusion
                          illusion是名詞,意思是“幻覺”,常見搭配是“illusion of sth.”
                          e.g. This new window can give the illusion of extra height.
                          allusion是名詞,意思是 “影射,間接提到”,常見搭配是“allusion to”
                          e.g. He made an allusion to a secret plan in his speech.
                          例題:
                          1. We also find illusions of Shakespeare’s words in film.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. illusions to
                          C. allusions of
                          D. allusions to
                          解析:
                          根據句意應該選擇“影射”所以選D
                         
                          7. lie, lie, lay
                          lie, lay, lain: 躺
                          lie, lied, lied 說謊
                          lay, laid,laid: 將—放于適當的位置,?荚~組是“lay the foundation for” (為—打下基礎)
                          例題:
                          1. The mathematical theorem that now bears her last name helped lie the foundation for quantum physics and allowed Einstein to formulate his theory of general relativity.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. lay the foundation on
                          C. lie the foundation on
                          D. lay the foundation for
                          解析:
                          固定搭配“為—打下基礎” 應該是“lay the foundation for” 所以選D
                         
                          8. dual VS duel
                          dual是形容詞,意思是“雙的,雙重的”
                          e.g. Sarah has dual nationality.
                          duel是名詞,意思是“決斗”
                          e.g. They engaged in a verbal duel.
                          例題:
                          1. After completing duel bachelor’s degrees in zoology and chemistry at the University of Hawaii in 1948, Mink applied to twenty medical schools.
                          A. NO CHANGE
                          B. twice
                          C. second
                          D. dual
                          解析:
                          句中劃線部分的意思是“雙學位”,所以選“dual bachelor” D


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